Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that affects individuals of all age groups irrespective of age, gender, ethnic background, and race. Individuals experience two unprovoked seizures, along with other neurological symptoms. So, recurrent seizures can lead to different types of epilepsy. Seizures generated in the brain; thus, how much the brain is affected and how long the seizure lasts counts a lot during the treatment process. Also, you should know that not all seizures are epileptic, note down the symptoms, and check with your healthcare provider when the seizure strikes in the individuals.
Although, simply, epilepsy is a brain disorder, which is characterized by repeated episodes of epileptic seizures. So in this article, let’s learn about epilepsy disease, its causes, symptoms, treatment along with a few myths about the disease.
Symptoms of epilepsy
The symptoms of epilepsy vary based on the type of seizure attacks. The common symptoms include:
- Jerking movements in the arms and the legs
- Muscle contractions
- Loss of consciousness
- Temporary confusion
Depending upon the abnormal activity of the brain, epilepsy seizures categorized into
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Seizure appears on one side of the brain, and further classified into two:
- Focal seizures without the loss of consciousness- Individuals experience involuntary jerking movements, dizziness, and partial seizures
- Focal seizures with impaired awareness-Loss of knowledge and patients will not respond to the movements
Seizure appear in all parts of the brain and further classified into six types
- Tonic seizures- cause stiffening of the muscles and affects the arms, legs, and back
- Absence seizures- Occurs mostly in the children. It causes lip-smacking and eye blinking
- Clonic seizures- Causes repeated episodes of jerking movements
- Atonic seizures- Loss of muscle control and the individual may fall down
- Myoclonic seizures- Occurs jerks in the arms and the legs
- Tonic-clonic seizures-Causes loss of full consciousness, loss of bladder control, stiffening of the muscles and biting of the tongue.
When to see a doctor
Though, if you experience or have any of the above symptoms, call a doctor immediately. Your doctor may recommend a few tests, and if he or she suspects seizures, then, he may refer you to a neurologist for further evaluation and treatment. Find and order your medicines from a genuine online pharmacy store with doorstep delivery at your convenience.
Causes of epilepsy
The following are some of the leading causes of epilepsy and includes:
- Brain tumour
- Past head injury
- Genetic factors
- Metabolic syndrome
- Developmental disorders like cerebral palsy, autism, and Down syndrome
- Chronic use of alcohol
- Infections caused due to viral encephalitis, tuberculosis, or meningitis
- Abnormal blood sugar levels
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Diagnosing your condition depends upon the symptoms you exhibit, and your doctor will recommend several tests to diagnose and determine what caused a seizure in you. Here, we have listed out a few testing options to evaluate the type of epilepsy, to learn more about the brain and to locate the area where it caused. Check out the details below:
- A blood test to check for any infections
- General neurological examination
To detect any brain abnormalities, the following criteria carried out:
- CT scans
- Positron emission tomography (PET)
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- High-density EEG
- Functional MRI and other neuropsychological tests
Treatment for epilepsy
Your doctor may suggest treatment based on the type of symptoms you exhibit. Initially, anti-seizure medications prescribed and if the treatment doesn’t work, then surgery or other treatment options may be recommended by your doctor. Order your medicines quickly with your prescription from the best online pharmacy store in India and get your medications delivered instantly at your doorstep.
Precautions you need to take when you have epilepsy:
- Visit the correct medical doctor to treat epilepsy
- Follow the medications correctly as told by the doctor even if you don’t have symptoms
- Take adequate sleep as lack of sleep can bring on seizures in you
- If you have recurrent and if your epilepsy is active, then avoid driving, swimming, working with heavy machinery, etc.
- Never stop taking medications without your doctor’s advice
- If you develop any other symptoms or side-effects consult your doctor immediately
Different alternative approaches for epilepsy
Apart from the drugs or surgery, these alternative approaches also recommended to treat epilepsy, and it includes
- Following a ketogenic diet
- Brain stimulation using electrodes in a specific part of the brain to reduce seizures
- Implanting vagus nerve stimulator in the chest and connecting it to the vagus nerve in the neck to prevent seizures
Busting a few common myths about epilepsy
The awareness about epilepsy among people is very less. Since patients are embarrassed about the disease, they wrap the issues about the condition about themselves and prevents heading to the hospital seeking medical help. Here we discuss some common myths about epilepsy. Let’s break the myths and misconceptions already running in society. Read the article to know more about it:
- Myth: Epilepsy spreads person to person
Fact: Epilepsy is a neurological disorder, and it is not contagious.
- Myth: There is no cure for patients with epilepsy
Effect: With proper treatment, on-time medication, and following a correct diet can reduce seizures or cure in epileptic patients.
- Myth: Epilepsy is a mental disorder
Fact: No, Epilepsy is a neurological disorder.
- Myth: If you have a seizure, you have the epileptic disease
Fact: No, not all seizures can lead to epilepsy. To fall under the radar of epilepsy, an individual should have at least two unprovoked seizures.
- Myth: Should give something by mouth if seizure attacks
Fact: Never try to give anything by mouth during seizure attacks as it can cause serious injury.
- Myth: Epileptic individuals cannot handle high-pressure jobs
Fact: No, epileptic individuals can be a part of any handle high-level and high-pressured jobs
- Myth: Epilepsy attacks mostly in children
Fact: Epilepsy is common among people of any age group.