Demystify epilepsy: Know the disease, its causes, and treatment

Demystify epilepsy

About epilepsy

Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that affects individuals of all age groups irrespective of age, gender, ethnic background, and race. Individuals experience two unprovoked seizures along with other neurological symptoms. So, recurrent seizures can lead to different types of epilepsy. Seizures are generated in the brain so, how much the brain is affected and how long the seizure lasts counts a lot during the treatment process. Also, you should know that not all seizures are epileptic, note down the symptoms, and check with your healthcare provider when the seizure strikes in the individuals.

Although, in a simple way epilepsy is a brain disorder, which is characterized by repeated episodes of epileptic seizures.  So in this article, let’s learn about epilepsy disease, its causes, symptoms, treatment along a few myths about the disease.

Symptoms of epilepsy

The symptoms of epilepsy vary based on the type of seizure attacks. The common symptoms include:

  • Jerking movements in the arms and the legs
  • Fever
  • Anxiety
  • Muscle contractions
  • Weakness
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Temporary confusion
  • Staring

Depending upon the abnormal activity of the brain, epilepsy seizures are categorized into

Demystify epilepsy: Know the disease, its causes, and treatment

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Focal seizures

Seizure appear on one side of the brain and it is further classified into two:

  • Focal seizures without the loss of consciousness- Individuals experience involuntary jerking movements, dizziness, and partial seizures
  • Focal seizures with impaired awareness-Loss of consciousness and patients will not respond to the movements

Generalized Seizures

Seizure appear in all parts of the brain and it is further classified into 6 types

  • Tonic seizures- cause stiffening of the muscles and affects the arms, legs, and back
  • Absence seizures- Occurs mostly in the children. It causes lip-smacking and eye blinking
  • Clonic seizures- Causes repeated episodes of jerking movements
  • Atonic seizures- Loss of muscle control and the individual may fall down
  • Myoclonic seizures- Occurs jerks in the arms and the legs
  • Tonic-clonic seizures-Causes loss of complete consciousness, loss of bladder control, stiffening of the muscles and biting of the tongue.

When to see a doctor

Though, if you experience or have any of the above symptoms call a doctor immediately. Your doctor may recommend a few tests and if he or she suspects seizures then, he may refer you to a neurologist for further evaluation and treatment.  Find and order your medicines from a genuine online pharmacy store with doorstep delivery at your convenience.

Causes of epilepsy

The following are some of the main causes of epilepsy and includes:

  • Brain tumor
  • Past head injury
  • Genetic factors
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Developmental disorders like cerebral palsy, autism, and Down syndrome
  • Chronic use of alcohol
  • Stroke
  • Infections caused due to viral encephalitis, tuberculosis, or meningitis
  • Abnormal blood sugar levels

Diagnosing epilepsy

Demystify epilepsy: Know the disease, its causes, and treatment

Diagnosing your condition depends upon the symptoms you exhibit and your doctor will recommend several tests to diagnose and determine what caused a seizure in you. Here, we have listed out a few testing options to evaluate the type of epilepsy, to learn more about the brain and to locate the area where it is caused. Check out the details below:

  • A blood test to check for any infections
  • General neurological examination

To detect any brain abnormalities the following tests are carried out:

  • CT scans
  • Positron emission tomography (PET)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • High-density EEG
  • Functional MRI and other neuropsychological tests

Treatment for epilepsy

Your doctor may suggest treatment based on the type of symptoms you exhibit. Initially, anti-seizure medications are prescribed and if the treatment doesn’t work, then surgery or other treatment options may be recommended by your doctor.  Order your medicines quickly with your prescription from the best online pharmacy store in India and get your medicines delivered instantly at your doorstep.

Precautions you need to take when you have epilepsy:

  • Visit the correct medical doctor to treat epilepsy
  • Follow the medications correctly as told by the doctor even if you don’t have symptoms
  • Take adequate sleep as lack of sleep can bring on seizures in you
  • If you have recurrent and if your epilepsy is active, then avoid driving, swimming, working with heavy machinery, etc.
  • Never stop taking medications without your doctor’s advice
  • If you develop any other symptoms or side-effects consult your doctor immediately

Other alternative approaches for epilepsy

Apart from the medications or surgery, these alternative approaches may also be recommended to treat epilepsy and it includes

  • Following a ketogenic diet
  • Brain stimulation using electrodes in a specific part of the brain to reduce seizures
  • Implanting vagus nerve stimulator in the chest and connecting it to the vagus nerve in the neck to prevent seizures

Busting a few common myths about epilepsy

The awareness about epilepsy among people is very less. Since patients are embarrassed about the disease, they wrap the issues about the disease about themselves and prevents heading to the hospital seeking medical help. Here we discuss some common myths about epilepsy. Let’s break the myths and misconceptions already running in society. Read the article to know more about it:

  • Myth: Epilepsy spreads person to person

            Fact: Epilepsy is a neurological disorder and it is not contagious.

  • Myth: There is no cure for patients with epilepsy

Fact: With proper treatment, on-time medication, and following a correct diet can reduce seizures or cure in epileptic patients.

  • Myth: Epilepsy is a mental disorder

Fact: No, Epilepsy is a neurological disorder.

  • Myth: If you have a seizure, you have the epileptic disease

Fact: No, not all seizures can lead to epilepsy. To fall under the radar of epilepsy, an individual should have at least two unprovoked seizures.

  • Myth: Should give something by mouth if seizure attacks

Fact: Never try to give anything by mouth during seizure attacks as it can cause serious injury.

  • Myth: Epileptic individuals cannot handle high-pressure jobs

Fact: No, epileptic individuals can be a part of any handle high-level and high-pressured jobs

  • Myth: Epilepsy attacks mostly in children

Fact: Epilepsy is common among people of any age group.

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